]]> Statistical Center of Iran > Statistics by Topic > Mining


Definitions & Concepts


Mine: collection of (cost-effective) mineral deposits, machinery, and facilities established for exploration, equipment, exploitation, and dressing of minerals. Dressing refers to all physical and chemical operations for separating some of waste materials from ores or separating ores from one another.

Mineral production: all minerals obtained from a series of extraction activities which make them marketable.  It should be mentioned that in some mining activities, minerals are supplied to the market without undergoing dressing process, whereas in others, minerals are supplied to      the market after a series of physical and/or chemical treatments for separating some of the waste from ores, separating ores from one another, or increasing fineness of raw material. In addition, in one industry, several minerals may be produced. For example, copper ore mining activity includes minerals of copper ore and copper and molybdenum concentrates production.

Mines cooperative:    a  cooperative company engaged in excavation, exploitation, and sales of minerals     obtained      from     operating   mines

Operating mine: any mine with exploitation license from the Ministry of Industries and Mines (for mines other than sand and gravel) or from municipalities and governors offices (for sand and gravel) that has been under extraction (in some cases with dressing activities) for at least 30 successive or non successive days to produce marketable ores during the year of the enumeration

Other workers (administrative, financial and service): employed persons engaged in clerical, administrative, financial and service activities in mines or their central offices but not engaged directly in extraction and production activities.

part-time in mine-related activities inside or outside of the mine. The employed persons are divided into two groups the production line workers (skilled and unskilled) and other workers (administrative, financial and service) according to their duties.

Private management: management exercised by individuals or private institutions.

Production line skilled workers: employed persons capable of performing a part of technical activities related to production line due to their know-how and experience. Engineers, technicians, craftsmen, foremen, skilled labourers, fitters, and drivers, are some examples.

Production line unskilled workers: persons working in production line whose jobs do not require any specific training or experience; such as labourers and porters.

Public management: management exercised by the ministries, government organizations, Islamic Revolution Foundations, banks, municipalities and other public institutions

Value added: value of receipts (outputs) less the value of payments (inputs).

Value of payments (inputs): value of purchased materials and non- durable tools and instruments, fuel consumed, water and electricity, and other payments including payments on contracts, minor repairs of building and office equipment, minor repairs of machinery, laboratory, etc.

Value of products: value of extracted ores and value of saleable mineral waste products at producer's prices; that is, the price of sale to customers at the mine.

Value of receipts (outputs): value of mineral products, value of saleable mineral waste products, manufacture and major repairs of capital goods by mine workers and other receipts of the mine including receipts from contracts, minor repairs of buildings and office equipment, minor repairs of machinery, laboratory, etc.

Workers: all the individuals working full-time or

Statistical Survey