Labor force survey Summary findings Summer 1392 > Statistical Center of Iran

 
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Labor force survey Summary findings Summer 1392

 

 

Findings

 Based on the results of labor force survey carried out in 1392 summer, the major labor force indicators have been presented in the table 1. Also, table 2 illustrates the changes in the labor force indicators as compared to the preceding season (1392 spring)  and to the corresponding season of the preceding  year (1391 summer).

 Table 1- labor force indicators by sex, urban and rural areas, 1392 summer

 

Labor force indication

Total country

Male

Female

Urban areas

Rural areas

Population aged 10 and over economic activity rate

Rate

39.1

64.7

13.6

38.2

41.6

Number

24754868

20451889

4302978

17605540

7149328

Population aged 10 and over unemployment rate

Rate

10.4

8.1

21.1

12.0

6.2

Number

2563624

1657199

906424

2121238

442386

Population aged 15 and over unemployment rate

Rate

10.4

8.1

21.2

12.0

6.2

Number

2555819

1650908

904910

2115251

440568

15-24 year old population (the youth) unemployment  rate

Rate

23.9

18.5

45.8

29.2

14.3

Number

904916

563472

341444

713665

191251

15-29 year old population (the youth) unemployment  rate

Rate

21.1

15.9

41.7

24.5

12.8

Number

1730154

1044238

685916

1421747

308407

Employment share in agricultural sector

Share 

19.5

18.6

25.0

5.6

51.7

Number

4337681

3487001

850679

870916

3466764

Employment share in manufacturing  sector

Share 

33.9

35.5

25.0

36.6

27.6

Number

7513479

6663192

850286

5663716

1849762

Employment share in services  sector

Share 

46.5

45.9

49.8

57.7

20.5

Number

10316258

8624080

1692177

8940144

1376114

Underemployment share

7.6

8.3

4.0

6.6

9.9

Share of employed population aged 15 and over with routine 49 working hours and more

43.5

48.4

15.9

44.0

42.3

 * the discrepancy in total is due to rounding of the figures

 Analysis of the economic participation rate (activity rate) of the population aged 10 and over indicates that 39.1 percent of the population at working age (aged 10 and over) have been economically active that is to say they are included in the employed or unemployed population. In addition, the results show that the economic participation rate of female population compared to that of male population and in urban areas to rural areas has been lower. Also, review of changes in economic participation rate nationwide proves 1.1 percent rise of this rate compared to the corresponding season of the preceding year (1391 summer) and 0.2 percent decline of the same rate the pervious season (1392 spring)

 

Analysis of the unemployment rate of population aged 10 and over displays that 10.4 percent of the active population have been unemployed. Based on these results , the unemployment rate of female population compared to that of male population and urban areas to rural areas has been higher. Review of the trend of changes in unemployment rate nationwide indicates that this indicator compared to the corresponding season of the preceding year (1391 summer) has declined  1.9 percent and compared to the previous season (1392 spring) 0.2 percent.

 Analysis of the unemployment rate of population aged 15 and over shows that 10.4 percent of the active population have been unemployed. According to these results the unemployment rate of female population compared to that of male population and in urban areas to rural areas has been higher.

 The underemployment share indicates that 7.6 percent of the employed population have been underemployed. This indicator has been higher for male population than for male population in rural areas higher than urban areas.

 Analysis of employment in the major economic sectors indicates that the services sector with 46.5 percent has possessed the highest employment share and the manufacturing and agriculture sector enjoy the next ranks with 33.9 and 19.5 percents respectively.

 Analysis of the unemployment rate of the young population 15-24 years old reveals that 23.9 percent of the active population in this age group have been unemployed. This indicator has been higher for female population than for male population and in urban areas higher than rural areas. The review of the trend of changes in the unemployment rate of the young population 15-24 years old nationwide show that this indicator has declined 2.9 percent compared to corresponding season of the previous year and increased 1.0 percent to the previous season. Analysis of the unemployment rate of the young population 15-29 years old reveals that 21.1 percent of active 15-29 year old population have been unemployed. This indicator has been higher for female population than for male population and in urban areas higher than rural areas. Review of the trend of changes in the unemployment rate of the 15-29 year old young population indicates that this indicator has declined 3.5 percent compared to the corresponding season of the previous year and increased 0.8 percent to the previous season.

 Analysis of the share of the employed population aged 15 and over with routine 49 working hours and more reveals that 43.5 percent of the employed population have routinely worked over 49 hours per week. This indicator which is one of the indicators of the decent work shows that a considerable share of the employed population work more than the standard level in the country.

 Table 2. changes in major labor force indicators by sex in urban and rural areas, 1392 summer compared  to 1392 spring and 1391 summer

 

Labor force indicators

Total country

Male

Female

1392 spring

1391 summer

1392 spring

1391 summer

1392 spring

1391 summer

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Economic participation rate of population aged 10 and over

-0.2

39.3

1.1

38.0

0.3

64.4

2.7

62.0

-0.7

14.3

-0.4

14.0

Unemployment  rate of population aged 10 and over

-0.2

10.6

-1.9

12.3

-0.7

8.8

-2.0

10.1

2.4

18.7

-7.0

21.8

Unemployment  rate of young population aged 15-24

1.0

22.9

-2.9

26.8

-1.1

19.6

-4.1

22.6

9.2

36.6

2.5

43.3

Unemployment  rate of young population aged 15-29

0.8

20.3

-3.5

24.6

-0.6

16.5

-4.1

20.0

6.7

35.0

-0.2

41.9

 

Table 2. continued

 

Labor force indicators

Urban areas

Rural areas  

1392 spring

1391 summer

1392 spring

1391 summer

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Changes

Rate

Economic participation rate of population aged 10 and over

-0.1

38.3

3.1

36.9

-0.2

41.8

0.8

40.8

Unemployment  rate of population aged 10 and over

-0.2

12.2

-2.4

14.4

-0.4

6.6

-0.9

7.1

Unemployment  rate of young population aged 15-24

2.1

27.1

-4.8

34.0

-0.6

14.9

-0.1

14.4

Unemployment  rate of young population aged 15-29

1.2

23.3

-4.6

29.1

0.0

12.8

-1.3

14.1

 

 

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